Assessment of knowledge and practice regarding postnatal exercises among mothers admitted in postnatal ward in Gauhati Medical College and Hospital
Jharna Sarkar, Gitumoni Konwar, L. Kharbynngar Das
Background: Pregnancy and delivery is an important life change where postpartum exercises are shown to create a more relaxed mother-child relationship. So the present study is conducted for assessment of knowledge and practice regarding postnatal exercises among mothers admitted in postnatal ward in Gauhati Medical College and Hospital (GMCH). Material and methods: 100 mothers admitted in the postnatal ward of GMCH during the period of 01.01.2013 to 20.01.2013 were assessed using the “Health Belief Model” designed by Hochbaum (1958) and modified by Rosenstock (1974). A structured interview schedule was developed to assess the knowledge and practice regarding postnatal exercises among them. Results: Half of the mothers (52%) had moderately adequate knowledge, 28% mothers had inadequate knowledge and lowest (20%) mothers had adequate knowledge regarding postnatal exercises. Similarly, 53% mothers had moderately adequate practice of postnatal exercises and 47% of mothers had inadequate practice of postnatal exercises. Significant association between knowledge score with education and occupation of mothers; and between practice score with age, parity, education, occupation of mothers and source of information on postnatal exercises were observed. Conclusion: It had been observed that there was inadequate knowledge and practice of postnatal exercises among postpartum mothers. Therefore, health awareness programme on postnatal exercises should be conducted by the health personnel to improve the knowledge and practice among the mothers.