Eclampsia: a clinical prospective study in a referral hospital
Hem Kanta Sarma, Bharat Talukdar
Objective: To study Sociodemographic status of eclamptic patients with special emphasis on age, parity, gestational age, antenatal care, socioeconomic status and types of eclampsia. Methods: A prospective clinical study was carried out on the eclampsia patients in the Obstetrics &Gynaecology department of Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed Medical College and Hospital. Patients with convulsion other than eclampsia were excluded. Sociodemographic status, ante natal care, and gestational age were studied with types of eclampsia (antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum) and their relationship. Results: 60 numbers of cases of eclampsia were studied. Majority of patients were in the group of 20 – 25 yrs (60%), a large number had irregular antenatal check up (68.33%), (85%) of cases were primigravida, major group of patients (55%) belongs to lower socioeconomic condition. Maximum number of patient were below 37 gestational age (53.33%) and antepartum variety of eclampsia was commonest than any other (56.67%). Conclusion: Eclampsia is still a major health problem in India. It is basically a preventable disease if pregnant women get regular antenatal care and proper health education. By giving mass awareness towards the importance of antenatal care, ensuring early detection of symptoms of preeclampsia in peripheral hospitals and providing adequate treatment, the incidence of eclampsia can be reduced promptly.