Assessment of knowledge and attitude regarding legal abortion among women in the reproductive age group - a cross sectional study
Naomi Sangma, Bibi Bordoloi , L. Kharbynngar Das
Objective: To assess the knowledge and attitude on legal abortion among women in the reproductive age group. Methodology: This cross sectional study was carried out for duration of 1 month from 31-12-13 to 31-01-13. The sample consisted of 100 women in the reproductive age group of 15-49 years and samples were selected by using multistage sampling technique. A structured interview schedule and attitude scale was developed to assess knowledge and attitude regarding legal abortion. Results: 28% of the women in reproductive age group had adequate knowledge regarding legal abortion, 63% had moderately adequate knowledge and 9% had inadequate knowledge. 28% of the women had most favourable attitude regarding legal abortion, 65% had favourable attitude and 7% had unfavourable attitude. Significant association between knowledge level with their educational qualification and monthly income were observed. No significant associations were seen between attitude and their demographic variables. There was positive correlation between knowledge and attitude. Conclusion: Majority of the women in reproductive age group had moderately adequate knowledge and favourable attitude regarding legal abortion. Hence, creating awareness regarding legal abortion should be a major issue for improving health as well as quality of life of women.