Maternal deaths in a tertiary health care centre of Assam - a one year report
Reeta Bhuyan, Gitanjali Deka, Gokul Chandra Das, Radha Rashmi Baruah, Mridusmita Majumdar
Objective: The present study was undertaken to find out the contributing factors of maternal deaths. Methodology: Data for the study was collected from all the maternal deaths that occurred over a period of one year from 1st June 2011 to 31st May 2012 at Medical College Hospital. Results: Out of the total maternal deaths, 76.85% belonged to rural areas, 76.86% unbooked cases, 60.18% were illiterate, and majority was from low socio-economic status. Out of 108 cases, 73 cases (67.6%) died within 24 hours of admission. Delays at different levels, often in type 2, contributed to the maternal deaths. Out of 108 maternal deaths, 20 cases (18.52%) received intensive care unit (ICU) care showing a paucity of high dependency unit (HDU)/ICU facility. Conclusion: It is seen from the study that poor socio-economic status, illiteracy, poor attendance of antenatal checkup, and pitfalls in referral system were major determining factors of maternal mortality.