Anaemia and its associated factors among pregnant women in rural area of North India
Akashdeep Singh Chauhan, Manoj Kumar Sharma, Hoshiar Singh Chauhan
Objective: The aim of the present study is to determine the prevalence of anaemia among pregnant women and its association across socio-demographic and other risk factors. Methodology: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in the Faridkot district of Punjab. A total of 594 pregnant women were enrolled by consecutive sampling. Data were collected through semi-structured interview schedule and haemoglobin estimation was done using Sahli’s method. Results: The prevalence of anaemia was found to be 89.7% (with 55.4% and 34.3% of pregnant women having moderate anaemia and mild degree of anaemia). No case of severe degree of anaemia was reported. Prevalence of anaemia was significantly (p < 0.05) higher among women belonging to the scheduled castes, middle income groups and those who went out in the fields for open defecation. Conclusion: In addition to preventive programs against anaemia, the study highlights the need for dietary counselling and nutritional education among the pregnant women as well as their family members.