A study to assess the risk factors and correlates of preeclamptic toxemia in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh
Shikha Pandey, Ramesh Pandey
Objective: To identify the risk factors for pre-eclampsia in Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. Methodology: This case control study was conducted in tertiary care hospital in the year of 2015 from January to December. Hundred numbers of pregnant women with hypertension after the 20th week of gestation along with proteinuria were taken as cases, and similar numbers of pregnant women without preeclamptic toxemia (PET) were taken as control group. Results: The significant determinants identified for PET were history of chronic hypertension (OR = 6.69), history of diabetes (OR = 8.66), pre- pregnancy BMI of ≥25 (OR = 7.56), history of renal disease (OR = 5.6), family history of hypertension (OR = 5.48), and twin pregnancy (OR = 5.73). Conclusion: The most important factors in the occurrence of PET were BMI, diabetes, and history of chronic hypertension.