Outcome in hypertension complicating pregnancy in a tertiary care center
Chaitra S, Jayanthi, Akshita R Sheth, Renuka Ramaiah, Abhinaya Kannan, Mahantesh M
Objectives: The objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of the hypertensive disorder with some epidemiological factors. Methodology: This retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care center, which included 286 hypertensive cases over a period of 1 year from January 2016 to December 2016. Data were gathered from medical record files. Results: Out of 3250 women delivered in the hospital 286 had hypertension, so the prevalence was 8.8%. Out of 286 hypertensive pregnant women 80.06% were diagnosed as gestational hypertension, 14.68% as preeclampsia, 2.09% as eclampsia and 2.79 % as chronic hypertension. Maximum number of women was nulliparous (46.85%) and 21-25 years was the dominant age group (46.15%). It is more prevalent at term (49.65%). Eighty-two (27.97%) mothers had a vaginal delivery, and 204 (71.32%) had a cesarean delivery. Preterm delivery was the most prevalent morbid outcomes (28.67%). Seventy-six (26.57%) of the babies were categorized as low birth weight and 14.68% were diagnosed as intrauterine growth restriction. Conclusion: Hypertension in pregnancy is one of the common medical complications worsening the outcome of pregnancy.