A study of body mass index in pregnancy and its correlation with maternal and perinatal outcome
Ramya S, Ashok Kumar, Shweta Sharan, Renuka Ramaiah
Objective: The aim of this study is to correlate the body mass index (BMI) in pregnancy with maternal and perinatal outcome. Method: The present study was conducted in 100 women attending antenatal outpatient department (OPD) from January 2015 to June 2016. The above women were placed in standard BMI categories and their obstetric and perinatal outcome variables were evaluated. Results: In this study we observed, increased rate of lower segment caesarian section (LSCS) (41.67%), hypothyroidism (12.5%), gestational diabetes mellitus (20.83%) and gestational hypertension (20.83%) with high BMI group compared to normal. Increased rate of anemia was observed with underweight group (56.25%). The rate of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) admission was more (37.5%) in underweight group compared to normal (8.34%). Conclusion: High BMI is associated with increased incidence of hypothyroidism, gestational diabetes mellitus, gestational hypertension, instrumental delivery and caesarean delivery. There is a significant association of underweight BMI with anemia and low birth weight.