Frequency of postpartum depression among primi mothers undergoing delivery in JIPMER using Edinburgh postnatal depression scale
Gowsalya Selvam, Janarthanan Balasubramanian, Sairem Mangolnganbi Chanu
Objective: To assess the prevalence of postpartum depression among primi mothers in JIPMER and to compare the level of postpartum depression among LSCS (Lower Segment Cesarian Section) and vaginal delivery mothers. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 postnatal primi mothers who underwent delivery in JIPMER. Among them 100 vaginal delivery mothers and 100 LSCS mothers were selected by using systematic random sampling method. Data collection was done by using Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). All statistical analyses were done by using frequency, percentage and unpaired t-test. Results: The study revealed that the prevalence of postnatal depression among the primi mothers was 12%, level of depression was high among vaginal delivery mothers (12%) than the mothers underwent LSCS. The unpaired t – test shows a p-value (0.001) which was highly significant. It was also evident that pain after delivery, and breastfeeding problem were related with postnatal depression. Conclusion: Prevalence of postpartum depression is high among primi mothers which enabled us to make the antenatal counselling more effective regarding the delivery and its complications, among the mothers.