Obstetrical outcome of Swine flu in pregnancy at tertiary care centre of Uttarakhand
Namrata Saxena, Prachi Singh, Shweta Jain, Vineeta Gupta, Bhawna Sharma, Kamal S Negi, Narotam Sharma, Yashika Pehal
Objectives: The objective of this study is to assess clinical characteristics, obstetric and perinatal outcome of pregnant women with H1N1 infection. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital. All clinically suspected, probable as well as confirmed cases of swine flu, in pregnancy were included. We analyzed the presenting complaints, condition on admission, criteria for admission in ICU, abnormalities in laboratory reports, course of illness and perinatal outcome. Results: A total of 52 patients in pregnancy and postpartum period were admitted with fever or acute respiratory illness over the period of two years from March 2017 to February 2019. Mean age of patients was 25.88 years. 32 patients were H1N1 positive. In which, 29 were pregnant and 3 patients were postpartum. Mean gestational age was 31weeks. Out of 32 patients, 11 patients were admitted in intensive care unit. There were 4 deaths due to H1N1 illness and all were in 3rd trimester. Conclusion: Acquiring infection in late trimester, late initiation of antiviral treatment and presence of co-morbid illness were high risk factors for developing critical illness. We emphasize that high index of suspicion, early diagnosis; early antiviral therapy and immunization to pregnant women are to reduce the complications, ICU admissions and mortality in this group.