Changing trend of HIV seroprevalence among antenatal women at tertiary care hospital in north-west Rajasthan, India, 10 years retrospective study
Parul Prakash, Preeti Sankhala
Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze the changing trends of seroprevalence among antenatal women in last 10 years at Sardar Patel Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan. Materials and methods: Retrospective study; cross-sectional in design; carried out through the analysis of data collected from PPTCT centre, S.P. Medical College, Bikaner (Rajasthan). The study included all the pregnant women of PPTCT centre from April 2009 to March 2019. Results: A total of 154487 antenatal women were registered for period of approximately 10 years from April 2009 to March 2019 in this study. Out of these 111461(72.15%) women were ready for testing after counselling. Overall 44 women were found seropositive for HIV-I antibodies with a seroprevalence rate of 0.04%. Most of them were multigravida (59.1%), seropositive women, majority (57.1%) were in age group of 21 to 25 years. The HIV seroprevalence rate was ranging between 0.05% in 2009-10 to 0.07% in 2018-19. Conclusion: Seroprevalence of HIV infection among antenatal women was on an average 0.04% in the past 10 years. There was variation in incidence of seropositive women over last 10 years with its peak of 0.07% in 2018–19. The rising trend of incidence can be decreased in antenatal women by public awareness programme and implementation of mandatory detailed history, counselling and testing of HIV by joint efforts of public and private sector.