ISSN: 2454-2342 (online), 2454-2334 (print)
Note: Licensing policy of the journal is changed from Volume 5 Issue 2 onwards. All contents will be under the terms of CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 henceforth.

The New Indian Journal of OBGYN. Epub Ahead of Print

Relationship between thyroid disorder and iron deficiency anaemia in pregnancy

Mili D. Chowdhury, S.S. Ghose, Abhish Mohan

ABSTRACT

Background: Thyroid disorders and iron deficiency (ID) are associated with obstetrical and fetal complications. Iron is essential for the normal functioning of thyroid peroxidase (TPO-abs) and ID is frequent during pregnancy. Objective: The present study was undertaken to see the relationship between iron deficiency anaemia and thyroid disorder in antenatal cases. Methods: A total of 100 cases attending the outpatient department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in their 1st trimester (from LMP to 12 weeks) were studied at Naval Hospital Powai during a period from Jan 2016 to Dec 2017. A detailed clinical and obstetric history was taken and patients were subjected to routine antenatal investigations along with thyroid profile. Results: Among 100 cases, 21 antenatal cases had increased TSH. Out of which 4 cases had overt hypothyroidism and 17 cases had subclinical hypothyroidism. 2 cases had decreased thyroid stimulating hormone in early trimester out of which only 1 had overt hyperthyroidism. In the same study 23 cases had mild iron deficiency anaemia and 4 had moderate anaemia. It was later correlated that out of 27 cases with anaemia 14 had hypothyroidism. 51% of the cases with anaemia had hypothyroidism and 60% of the hypothyroid cases had iron deficiency anaemia. Applying regression analysis between TSH and Hb level, there was a positive correlation between these two factors in cases. r2 value was found to be 0.2871. This was statistically significant with a P value of less than 0.005. Conclusion: It is concluded that there is increased prevalence of thyroid disorders and iron deficiency anaemia in antenatal cases and there is relationship between iron deficiency anaemia and hypothyroid cases.

Full Text PDF
new link for FULL TEXT PDF
About
Aim & Scope
Editorial Board
Copyright Info
Plagiarism Prevention
Review Process
Peer Reviewers
Indexed / Listed in:
Index Copernicus, ISSN India, ROAD, Google Scholar, Journal Index.net, InfoBase Index, ESJI, SIS (Scientific Indexing Services), DOAJ
Archives
Volume 1 Issue 1
Volume 1 Issue 2
Volume 2 Issue 1
Volume 2 Issue 2
Volume 3 Issue 1
Volume 3 Issue 2
Volume 4 Issue 1
Volume 4 Issue 2
Volume 5 Issue 1
Volume 5 Issue 2
Volume 6 Issue 1
Volume 6 Issue 2
For Authors
Author Instructions
Submit your article to: barpetaogs@gmail.com
Article Status